October EU Travel Restrictions: Covid-19 Vaccination, Testing And Quarantine Rules By Country – Forbes

European travel restrictions continue to be a moving feast, with countries and regions that are considered safe, even inside the Europe/Schengen area, changing from week to week. This still means that insurance policies can become void at a moment’s notice, particularly if you are not vaccinated, so it’s still wise to double check the small print before you book.

There is still no unified criteria for travel restrictions across the bloc (or indeed into the bloc), making travel complicated and sometimes anomalous–it is still possible to circumvent bans by entering from third-party countries, as has been the case since March 2020 across the world.

And whilst the opening of the U.S. border in November will primarily affect non-US nationals, who will be allowed to enter for the first time in over 500 days, it will have a big impact on testing requirements for U.S. residents too as they fly home. As highlighted by The New York Times, passengers currently only need to take a test in the three days before departure, but they may need to take tests upon their return too.

The entire bloc is using the EU Digital Covid Certificate to allow unrestricted travel across the EU and Schengen area countries and most are using a green pass for access to public spaces, restaurants, gyms, etc. even for tourists, such as Austria and France. Foreign travelers can access these applications in most cases or the paper version will suffice, but there are still numerous ways to get caught out because of ever-changing regulations or incoming rules regarding Brexit, for instance.

One example, is the new rule in France of requiring all children over the age of 12 to show a health pass (pass sanitaire) to be allowed into cinemas and restaurants. For visitors with adolescents who are not yet vaccinated, this would require testing every three days in France, adding considerably to the hassle and cost of a holiday.


Here is the list of vaccination and quarantine requirements for each of the EU countries (plus Schengen and the U.K.) for October.

Austria—most of EU on safe list

Travelers from the safe list may enter, showing either a negative Covid-19 test or proof of vaccination/past infection upon entry. This list is most of Europe and the EU list of safe countries. Unvaccinated arrivals must show a PCR test (not antigen) taken within the past 72 hours.

There are also tighter restrictions for arrivals from areas where there are virus variants, where people must arrive with a negative PCR test and quarantine for ten days: Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, and Suriname. They must also apply for pre-travel clearance.

Anyone else can enter if they are vaccinated–if not, they too must have pre-travel clearance, show a PCR or antigen test and self-isolate for ten days (testing out at day five with a negative test result).

Belgium—U.S. arrivals treated as EU red zone residents

Belgium color-codes countries to determine travel restrictions as per ECDC recommendations and most of the EU and Schengen area are currently green, as well as some third-party countries: Bahrain, Chile, Hong Kong SAR, Kuwait, Macau SAR, New Zealand, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan and the UAE.

There are very many regions across the EU however that are labelled orange at present as well as some countries: Canada, Jordan, Qatar, South Korea and the Ukraine.

Travelers arriving from green or orange zones do not need to quarantine or take a further mandatory test for Covid-19.

There are many parts of Europe that are currently labelled red and ‘high risk’. All other countries not on these lists are also considered red.

Travelers from within the EU or Singapore, arriving from a red zone, need to have a negative PCR Covid-19 test result taken within 72 hours before arrival and must test again on day 7 but no quarantine is necessary–vaccinated EU arrivals do not need to get tested or quarantine. This rule now applies to travelers from the red zones on the white list, i.e. the U.S. and Israel.

Travelers from outside the EU, arriving from a red zone: vaccinated travelers must get tested on day one or two and stay in quarantine until they have a negative result. Unvaccinated travelers must arrive with a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival, must quarantine for ten days and test on day one and day seven of their trip.

If people must travel, they must fill in a a “Public Health Passenger Locator Form” 48 hours before arrival.

Bulgaria—red EU countries must also take PCR test

Bulgaria is now following the ECDC’s traffic light system of countries which are low, medium and high risk and EU/Schengen residents can use the EU Digital Covid Certificate.

Green list arrivals can enter freely but must go into a ten-day quarantine or have proof of a negative PCR/antigen test result if they don’t show their EU Digital Covid Certificate–Austria, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Finland, Norway, the Vatican City State, Czechia, Luxembourg and Romania.

Orange list countries are all EU and EEA Member States that are not listed in the green or the red list. Arrivals can enter with EU digital Covid Certificates without quarantine but may be subject to random antigen tests.

Red EU countries are currently Cyprus, Ireland and the U.K., and arrivals must have proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before departure and a valid EU Digital Covid Certificate.

From outside the EU, non-essential travel is not allowed, as of 1 September, except for in “specific exceptional cases and upon presentation of a valid negative pre-departure PCR test, done up to 72 hours prior to arrival.”

Croatia—proof of paid accommodation required

Anyone arriving for tourism can enter if they can show proof of paid accommodation for the entirety of their stay upon arrival and also one of the following: proof of vaccination in the past 270 days, proof that they have had Covid-19, or proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival at the Croatian border. If this is not the case, they must go straight into a ten day quarantine. All travelers must complete the Enter Croatia web form before arrival. 

Arrivals from Brazil, Tanzania and South Africa are currently under addtional travel restrictions.

Cyprus—fewer green countries

Cyprus’ borders are open to anyone who has been vaccinated with an EU-approved vaccine and also the Sputnik (Gam-COVID-Vac) or the Sinopharm (BBIBP COVID-19) vaccine and anyone who can prove to have had Covid-19 in the past 180 days. All passengers must fill in a Cyprus Health Pass upon arrival.

For all unvaccinated travelers, Cyprus has three categories of countries–green, orange and red–with distinct rules surrounding quarantine and testing requirements:

There are now 7 countries on the green list, the most epidemiologically sound where no quarantine is needed nor a negative Covid-19 test: Australia, Czech Republic, Jordan, Malta, New Zealand, Poland and Saudi Arabia

The orange list, from which people must arrive with proof of a negative Covid-19 test result: Andorra, Bahrain, Chile, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Holy See (Vatican City State), Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Liechtenstein, Macao, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Qatar, Rwanda, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, the UAE and Uruguay.

Arrivals from the red list can only enter with a negative Covid-19 test result and they must take another upon arrival, which is at their own cost: Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Egypt, Estonia, Georgia, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Korea, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Romania, the Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine, the U.K. and the U.S.–if the PCR test result upon arrival is positive, passengers must quarantine.

Anyone else is on the grey list from which arrivals must enter a 14-day quarantine.

Czech Republic—U.S. now considered very high risk

Anyone arriving must fill in the arrival form and anyone showing proof of vaccination or having had Covid-19 in the past 180 days or children aged 6-12 do not need to test or self-isolate.

For the unvaccinated, travel requirements follow the ECDC’s traffic light system, where arrivals are grouped into traffic light colours, with red being the most at risk.

As of 8 October, the following were listed as green: Australia, Chile, Jordan, Canada, Korea, Saudi Arabia, Lichtenstein, Malta, New Zealand, Poland, Rwanda, Qatar, Kuwait, Taiwan, Uruguay, the Vatican City, Hong Kong, Macau and the Canary Islands. Travelers can enter without restrictions except unvaccinated people must have proof of a negative RAT or PCR test either before or after arrival.

Travelers from orange areas can enter but must be in possession of a negative Covid-19 test result (antigen or PCR) but once again, vaccinated travelers are exempt. As of 8 October these countries are: Andorra, Denmark, Finland, France, Iceland, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Hungary, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, San Marino, Portugal (including the Azores and Madeira), Spain (including the Balearic) and Sweden.

The criteria for arrivals from red and dark red zones is the same, but in addition, the first test upon arrival must be a PCR, people must enter quarantine and take a second PCR test on arrival. The EU countries currently in this category are: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Ireland, Austria, Greece, Slovakia, Germany and Switzerland.

Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania and Slovenia are currently considered dark red, as are all other third-party countries.

All other EU and non-EU countries are currently categorised as dark red, so they must follow rules for very high risk zones–unvaccinated people must take a PCR test before and after arrival and quarantine.

Denmark—traffic light systems still in place

As of 9 October, the following EU countries were categorised as being green: Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. There are also several regions in the EU classified as green: France (Mayotte, Normandie, Centre – Val de Loire, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Hauts-de-France, Pays de la Loire, Bretagne, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Grand Est, Occitanie, Corse, La Réunion), Greece (Voreio Aigaio), Germany (Schleswig-Holstein), Norway (Rogaland, Møre og Romsdal, Vestfold og Telemark, Agder, Vestland) and Switzerland (Ticino). There are no travel restrictions for fully-vaccinated people whilst the unvaccinated must take a test prior to entry.

As of 2 October, there are no EU countries labelled yellow but the following non-EU countries are yellow: Australia, Canada, Chile, Jordan, Kuwait, New Zealand, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Ukraine and Uruguay. There are no travel restrictions for vaccinated travelers whilst unvaccinated must test prior to entry and upon arrival. Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan are also currently listed yellow.

There are currently no countries labelled as red anywhere in the world and all other countries are classified as orange. From orange countries or regions, there are no travel restrictions for fully vaccinated people whilst the unvaccinated must test prior to departure and upon entry. They must also have a worthy reason to travel and quarantine upon arrival.

Estonia—vaccinated can bypass quarantine

Vaccinated people can travel to Estonia and bypass all testing and quarantine requirements (travelers are also exempt if they have had Covid-19).

Within the EU, green-list countries (with infection rates lower than 75 daily cases per 100,000 people over 14 days) are currently the Czech Republic, the Holy See, Hungary, Liechtenstein, Malta, Monaco, Poland, San Marino and Spain. Unvaccinated people can enter without testing or quarantine. Outside the EU, the following countries are considered green and the same rules apply: the UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, South Korea, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Chile, Uruguay and New Zealand.

Within the EU, orange-list countries (with infection rates between 75.1-200 daily cases per 100,000 people over 14 days) are: Andorra, Netherlands, Iceland, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Norway, Portugal, France, Sweden, Germany, Finland and Denmark. Arrivals must enter with a negative test result or take a test upon arrival. No quarantine is required.

Within the EU/Schengen/U.K., red-list countries (with infection rates higher than 200 daily cases per 100,000 people over 14 days) are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Ireland, Greece, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland and the U.K. Travelers must arrive with a negative test result or test upon entry and enter a ten-day quarantine (testing out is possible with a test on day 6, or slightly earlier if the test was taken prior to arrival and there is still 6 days between the two).

Outside the EU, the following countries are classified as red and therefore, subject to the same quarantine rules: Australia, Jordan, Canada, Singapore and the Ukraine.

For all other countries not listed in any other list, people who have had Covid-19 must have a negative test result, travelers must have a special reason to travel and must enter quarantine if they are not vaccinated, as per red-list countries.

Finland—unvaccinated non-EU travel ban largely in place

Anyone from any country who is vaccinated or who has had Covid-19 can enter. As per website instructions, the certificate needs to be in either English, Finnish or Swedish but they will allow certified translations to be used as a certificate. The certificate can also be an EU digital Covid certificate.

Until 24 October, EU/Schengen residents can travel freely, using the EU Digital Covid Certificate. This also applies to the EU safe list countries. If travelers are not vaccinated and coming from outside the EU/Schengen area, such as from Russia, the U.K. or the U.S., there are very strict travel measures still in place and people can only travel for essential reasons.

France—list of red countries reduced

Anyone who is vaccinated can arrive into the country with proof–minors do not need to be vaccinated but children over the age of 12 must have a certificate showing negative Covid PCR results. Everyone must also sign a sworn declaration that they have no symptoms and have not–to their knowledge–been in contact with anyone who has in the past 14 days.

For unvaccinated travelers, there are three color codes with different rules that apply.

Green countries are those in the European space (European Union, Andorra, the Holy See, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Norway, San Marino and Switzerland), and Australia, Bahrain, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Comoros Islands, Hong Kong, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, New Zealand, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay and Vanuatu.

From a green country, everyone aged over 12 must present a negative Covid-19 PCR or RAT test result not taken more than 72 hours before boarding. For people traveling from Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Spain, the Netherlands or Portugal–their test must be taken less than 24 hours before the flight.

Red list countries are Afghanistan, Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Georgia, Iran, Maldives, Pakistan, Russia, Seychelles, Suriname and Turkey. Travelers must have an essential reason for travel, arrive with proof of a negative Covid-19 test result (RAT or PCR), be tested upon arrival and enter a ten-day quarantine, which will be overseen by security forces.

All other countries are considered orange. Arrivals from orange countries must have a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours or a negative RAT test taken within 48 hours upon arrival. (This has been reduced to 24 hours for all U.K. arrivals, for both sorts of tests). Arrivals might be subject to random testing and everyone must pledge to self-isolate for 7 days.

Since 9 August, France has been using a Health Pass for everyone who wants to eat or drink in a restaurant or bar or attend a cultural event, such as the cinema. From 30 August, this also applied to full-time employees of companies and from 30 September, this rule applied to minors aged 12-17. Tourists can also access this pass sanitaire.

Germany—quarantine from U.S./high-risk areas

Fully vaccinated travelers from anywhere can enter Germany, as can those who have had Covid-19, children under 12 or anyone in transit. Germany has a very long list of high-risk countries as of 10 October, from both in and outside the EU/Schengen area (including the U.S. and the U.K.) and unvaccinated travelers must have a critical reason to enter the country but if so, they can do so with a negative COVID-19 test result (or proof of recovery) and they must quarantine for ten days. Everyone must fill out a Digital Registration Form and there is testing taking place upon arrival.

Greece—non-EU advised to arrive on direct flights

Greece has open borders, without the need to quarantine, to the following countries: EU++ (Andorra, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican, the Principality of Monaco), the U.S., the U.K., Albania, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrein, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei, Canada, China, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Lebanon, Moldova, Montenegro, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Qatar, the Russian Federation*, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, South Korea, Turkey, the UAE and Ukraine.

Non-EU citizens are advised to travel on direct flights and all passengers must fill in a Passenger Locator Form (PLF) and if they don’t have proof of vaccination, they must have taken a Covid-19 PCR test and received a negative result no more than 72 hours before departure, a negative RAT test result taken no more than 48 hours before arrival or proof of having had Covid-19 in the past 30-180 days. Arrivals may also be subject to random testing.

Accepted vaccines are Pfizer BioNtech, Moderna, Astra Zeneca/Oxford, Novavax, Johnson + Johnson/Janssen, Sinovac Biotech, Gamaleya (Sputnik), Cansino Biologics, and Sinopharm.

Hungary—open to Covid Certificates or negative tests

Anyone arriving with a valid EU Digital Covid Certificate can enter without additional testing requirements or quarantine restrictions.

Since 9 August there haven’t been any restrictions for passengers arriving into Hungary with a negative PCR taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. The test must be taken in an EU, OECD, NATO member state or Russia, China, the UAE, Bahrain, or a Turkic Council member state (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Uzbekistan).

Iceland—most visitors must have negative test result

Anyone can enter Iceland if they can show proof of having been vaccinated (obviously twice, with a two-dose vaccine) or having had Covid-19. Most people still need to arrive with proof of a negative result (PCR or RAT).

For the unvaccinated, travelers will need to arrive with a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours of arrival. Travelers will then need to test upon arrival, enter a five-day quarantine and then test to exit.

For the unvaccinated, anyone from EEA/EFTA countries (EU member states plus Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) are welcome, plus several third party country residents, such as those in proven relationships with Icelandic individuals, for over six months.

As of 11 October, residents from the following third party countries are allowed to visit: Australia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Canada, Hong Kong (SAR), Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Lebanon, Macao (SAR), Moldova, Montenegro, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Ukraine, the U.S. and Uruguay.

Ireland—quarantine for non-EU and unvaccinated

People from inside the EU+ area can travel without quarantine or testing if they can show evidence of having had Covid-19 in the past 180 days or having been vaccinated against it or show a negative PCR test result, taken no more than 72 hours before arrival.

From outside the EU+ area (and this now includes the U.K.), vaccinated passengers and people who can prove they have had Covid-19 in the past 180 days do not need to do anything else. Unvaccinated travelers from outside the EU+ area must show results for PCR testing taken within 72 hours before arrival, and quarantine for 14 days (people can ‘test out’ after day 5 with a negative result).

The requirement for some countries to enter a 14-day mandatory hotel quarantine ended on 25 September. All arrivals must fill out a Passenger Locator Form before entry into Ireland. Where possible, arrivals should use the EU Digital Covid Certificate. 

Italy—unvaccinated must quarantine

Travelers are welcome from Schengen/EU countries, called List C countries–arrivals must show proof of a negative Covid-19 test (both PCR or RAT are acceptable) with a validity of 48 hours or a vaccination certificate or proof of having had Covid-19–otherwise, a 5-day quarantine is required. The use of the EU Digital Covid Certificate is advised.

Travelers from safe-list countries (List D) can enter with a vaccination certificate AND a negative antigen or PCR test result taken in the past 48 hours. If they don’t have both, they must enter a five-day quarantine.

Travelers from high-risk countries cannot visit except for essential reasons. 

Visitors from the U.S., Japan, Canada and Israel have been placed on a new list that will last until at least 25 October. These arrivals must have a negative Covid-19 test result, taken no more than 72 hours before arrival (antigen or PCR) even if they are vaccinated or have had Covid-19 in the past 180 days. The unvaccinated must enter a five-day quarantine, even if the Covid-19 test result is negative.

Latvia—U.S., U.K. vaccinated allowed entry

All arrivals must fill in an electronic form 48 hours before arriving in the country and the country is using a green pass to access restaurants, bars and other spaces.

Latvia is dividing countries into risk levels and has different travel restrictions for each category. From 1 September, vaccinated arrivals from the U.K., the U.S., Australia, Israel, New Zealand and Canada can enter without additional restrictions.

Lithuania—vaccinated travelers are welcome

EU/Schengen area residents are allowed to enter using an EU Digital Covid Certificate, as are travelers from the U.K. and EU safe list countries. There is a waiver, however, for a wide variety of situations, notably those people that are vaccinated or can prove another essential reason for travel from countries outside of these listed. An updated list sets out different criteria by color-coded country.

Luxembourg—entry ban for non-EU until 31 December

Luxembourg is allowing EU/Schengen area visitors as well as third-party nationals which have been approved at the EU level–Australia, Canada, Chile, China (subject to confirmation of reciprocity at EU level), Jordan, Kuwait, New Zealand, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Ukraine and Uruguay. Anyone else is not allowed to enter for non-essential reasons, unless they have been vaccinated.

All arrivals must show a vaccination certificate, proof of having had Covid-19 or proof of a negative Covid-19 test result to enter the country (either PCR within 72 hours or antigen within 48 hours)–in line with the EU Digital Covid Certificate.

Luxembourg is also following other EU countries and using a green pass for access to cultural events and restaurants.

Malta—only vaccinated can enter without quarantine

Anyone who is vaccinated and arriving from this list can enter Malta without quarantine: Austria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Italy, France, Slovakia, Switzerland, Greece, Croatia, Spain, Poland, Belgium, Bulgaria, Netherlands, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, China, Vatican City, Israel, Singapore, Slovenia, Gibraltar, Japan, the U.S., Portugal, Romania, Lebanon, the UAE, Turkey, Jordan, Liechtenstein, Sweden, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Fiji, Georgia, Faroe Islands, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Moldova, Vietnam, Egypt, Libya, Qatar, Cuba, Serbia, Albania, Armenia, Saudi Arabia, the U.K., Ukraine, Bahrain, Gabon, Kuwait, Maldives, Bermuda, Rwanda, Russia, Mongolia, Cape Verde, Namibia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Myanmar, Malaysia, Tunisia, Morocco, Iraq, South Africa, Timor and India.

Children between the ages of 5 to 11 accompanying fully vaccinated parents or guardians would need a negative RT-PCR test taken in the 72 hours before arrival. Children under 5 are exempt.

The Netherlands—countries split into safe and high risk

Inside the EU, safe list countries encompass the Azores (from 7 October 9:00 AM onwards), the Czech Republic, Malta (from 7 October 9:00 AM onwards), Poland and Sardinia (from 7 October 9:00 AM onwards). There is no need to show proof of vaccination, proof of recovery or a negative test result (this includes the Digital COVID Certificate) nor is there a quarantine requirement.

Inside the EU, high-risk countries are effectively everyone else: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Cyprus, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, including Sicily (until 7 October 9:00 AM including Sardinia, DCC for Sardinia until 7 October 9:00 AM), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta (until 7 October 9:00 AM, DCC until 7 October 9:00 AM), Norway, Portugal (until 7 October 9:00 AM including Azores, DCC for Azores until 7 October 9:00 AM), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. These arrivals need to show proof of vaccination, proof of recovery or a negative test result (this includes the EU Digital Covid Certificate) but no quarantine is necessary.

Outside the EU, safe list countries are Australia, Canada, Chile, China (the EU travel ban applies until China lifts entry restrictions on European travellers), Faroe Islands, Greenland, Hong Kong SAR, Jordan, Kuwait, Macau SAR, Monaco, New Zealand, Qatar, Rwanda, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Svalbard, Taiwan, Ukraine, Uruguay and Vatican City. Travelers must show proof of vaccination or a negative test result but no quarantine is required.

There are some very high-risk countries: Afghanistan, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Barbados (from 7 October 9:00 AM onwards, from 7 October 9:00 AM mandatory quarantine onwards, from 9 October 9:00 AM mandatory negative test result onwards), Belize, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei (from 7 October 9:00 AM onwards, from 7 October 9:00 AM mandatory quarantine onwards, from 9 October 9:00 AM mandatory negative test result onwards), Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Eswatini, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Georgia, Grenada, Guadeloupe (until 7 October 9:00 AM, until 7 October 9:00 AM mandatory quarantine), Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia (until 7 October 9:00 AM, until 7 October 9:00 AM mandatory quarantine), Israel, Kosovo (until 7 October 9:00 AM, until 7 October 9:00 AM mandatory quarantine), Lesotho, Malaysia, Martinique, Mongolia, Montenegro, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Philippines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (from 7 October 9:00 AM onwards, from 7 October 9:00 AM mandatory quarantine onwards, from 9 October 9:00 AM mandatory negative test result onwards), Serbia, Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Thailand, the U.K., the U.S. and Venezuela. If unvaccinated, there is a mandatory quarantine and you must have a good reason for travel. Everyone from these high-risk countries must show a negative Covid-19 test result–even if vaccinated.

All other countries are considered high risk. There is no quarantine from these countries but unvaccinated people must have an essential reason to travel and proof of a negative test result.

Everyone must fill in a Health Declaration Form.

Norway—residents allowed to travel from 1 October

Norway has opened its borders to travelers from the EU/Schengen area if they are fully vaccinated or have had Covid-19. These travelers must have a verifiable EU Digital Covid Certificate (EUDCC). Unvaccinated children under the age of 12 can travel with their parents and won’t need to quarantine on their own.

Norway is operating a color-coded travel restriction map for everyone else–and quarantine applies to some countries. Norway has one of the most helpful tools to explain who is required to do what.

All arrivals must fill out an online travel form before arriving in the country.

As of 1 October, Norwegian residents are also permitted to travel to other countries for non-essential reasons, which has been banned up to now.

Poland—vaccinated don’t need to quarantine

Borders are open for EU and EFTA nationals (and Turkey, via a special agreement) and anyone arriving won’t need to self-isolate for 10 days if they have a negative Covid-19 test result with them, taken no more than 48 hours before (either antigen or PCR) or if they have been fully vaccinated or have recovered from Covid-19.

Everyone arriving from outside the EU/Schengen area must quarantine for ten days but they can ‘test out’ after day seven of self-isolation. Anyone who can prove vaccination by a European-approved vaccine or having had Covid-19 can also enter freely without quarantine. Children under the age of 12, arriving with vaccinated adults can also enter freely.

Everyone who arrives must fill in a Traveler Location Card.

Portugal—EU+plus EU safe list allowed in

Flights from EU/Schengen areas and the EU’s safe list of countries are allowed to enter: countries of the European Union, Schengen countries (Liechtenstein, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland), Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, South Korea, the U.S., Jordan, Kuwait, New Zealand, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Taiwan, Ukraine, the U.K., Uruguay and special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao.

As per the government’s instructions, all passengers over 12 years should have an EU Digital Covid Certificate or must be in possession of a negative RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 test taken within 72 hours of boarding or a Rapid Antigen Test taken within 48 hours.

Romania—vaccinated don’t have to quarantine

If travelers have been vaccinated at least ten days before arrival, they do not need to quarantine, nor if they have had Covid-19 during the past 90 days.

As of 8 October, people coming from red countries are allowed to enter but must quarantine for 14 days if they are not vaccinated, even with proof of a negative Covid-19 test result: Albania, Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Armenia, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, Saint Eustatius & Saba, Botswana, Brazil, , Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Great Britain, Grenada, Guam, Guyana, India, Ireland, Israel, Latvia, Leshoto, Lithuania, Malaysia, Man Island, Republic of Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, New Caledonia, Palestine, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Vincent & Grenadine, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, Sint Maarten, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Suriname, Turkey, U S Virgin Islands, and the U.S. A negative Covid-19 test result will allow travelers to be released from self-isolation after day ten.

There is another list of yellow countries, from which unvaccinated travelers can arrive with proof of a negative Covid-19 test and not have to quarantine: Andorra, Aruba, Austria, Bahamas, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cyprus, French Polynesia, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Guernsey, Iran, Jersey Island, Jordan, Kazakstan, Luxembourg, Libya, Maldives, Northern Macedonia, Philippines, Russia, Sao Tome & Principe, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, and the Ukraine.

For travelers coming from countries not mentioned on either the red or yellow list, there are no restrictions to entry.

Anyone arriving must fill in a Romania Entry Declaration.

Slovakia—vaccinated exempt from quarantine

Every traveler needs to register using an online form and a new quarantine has been brought in for all arrivals into the country, although fully vaccinated people are exempt and don’t need to test either. The quarantine is for 14 days but people can ‘test out’ after day five with a negative result.

Slovenia—the recovered/vaccinated/tested requirement

Slovenia now applies the same rules to all arrivals regardless of where they are traveling from but anyone arriving must have one of the following:

  • an EU Digital Covid Certificate, with a digital QR code;
  • proof of vaccination;
  • a negative PCR test, no older than 72 hours;
  • a negative antigen test, no older than 48 hours; or
  • proof of having had Covid-19 in the past 6 months.

If anyone doesn’t have one of these documents, they must go into a period of self-isolation for 10 days but can ‘test out’ after day five (children under 15 are exempt from quarantine). All arrivals must fill in a travel form.

Spain—vaccinated, EU and EU safe list can visit

Since 17 July, Spain has been open to vaccinated travelers, EU residents and anyone from an EU safe-list country. At the end of September, Spain extended its entry ban on the majority of third-party countries for non-essential travel for the unvaccinated.

Sweden—ban from non-EU countries runs to 31 October

There is a general entry ban for foreign EU+ citizens who are not able to present a vaccination certificate, a negative Covid-19 test result, or a certificate confirming the recovery from Covid-19.

Anyone else, from a non-EU country is not allowed, except for exemptions, e.g. family members, visa holders (and then they need to show proof of a negative Covid-19 test result). This non-EU entry ban was extended at the end of August to run until 31 October.

Switzerland—vaccinated or safe list countries can enter

Anyone who is vaccinated with one of the following vaccines is exempt for any further travel restrictions: Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Janssen/Johnson & Johnson, Sinopharm/BIBP and Sinovac. From 24 October, it is likely that all certificates might need to be changed into Swiss-style certificates but it has not yet been announced in what way this will happen.

Since September 13, Switzerland has had a list of safe countries from which tourism is allowed–all Schengen states, smaller EU territories (such as the Vatican) and countries currently on the EU safe zone. For any unvaccinated person arriving from anywhere else, travel for tourist purposes is effectively off limits.

There are also theoretical restrictions from countries with worrying variants of Covid-19, although as of 11 October, there are currently zero countries on this list. It is still obligatory to fill in a passenger locator form if arriving by air.

Switzerland has a great travel-checker tool that will let you know if you can travel into the country or not, based on your individual criteria.

England–travel restrictions slashed

England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are each responsible for their own travel policies and England has been operating its own traffic light system of travel restrictions for overseas trips with different travel restrictions depending on the color of the country and if someone is vaccinated.

However, as of 4 October, there are now only ‘red list’ countries and ‘the rest of the world.’ The U.K. has taken 47 countries off its red list, meaning that travel can restart to places such as Mexico, Morocco, South Africa and the Caribbean.

The seven countries remaining on the red list are Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Haiti, Venezuela and the Dominican Republic, as reported by The Telegraph. These require mandatory quarantine in government-appointed hotels in the U.K. at a total cost of £2,285 per person ($3,110) and this only applies to UK or Irish nationals–everyone else is banned from these 7 countries. The new red list also applies to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, although they are following different procedures.

For arrivals from ‘the rest of the world’, travel has become much easier. Travelers from these countries (everywhere other than the 7 on the red list) can enter if they are fully-vaccinated, with only a Day Two PCR test. It is expected that the U.K. government will announce that lateral flow tests (much cheaper) will be allowed instead, from the Half Term holidays onwards in late October.

For anyone who is not fully vaccinated and arriving from ‘the rest of the world’, they must take a pre-departure test, isolate for ten days upon arrival (they can ‘test out’ at day 5 with a negative test result) and still test on days 2 and 8 after arrival.

Everyone must complete a Passenger Locator Form, before arriving in the country.